The Costs of Hunting


2012 Levi's First Buck

Over the past few years, I have watched Kevin and Levi grow as hunters as their bank accounts shrunk with each passing season.  Hunting is one of those sports where you can face a hefty price tag during your inaugural seasons but trust me, the annual deficit decreases over time; or at least it shifts from entry level items to higher-end models or more adventurous hunting trips.  So as this season draws near, my brother-in-law, who has never hunted, wants to jump in head first after dabbling his toes in the water last season and catching the deer fever.  I proceeded to describe some of the basic equipment that he would need and by the look on his face, and ever lowering jaw, it was apparent that he had not realized exactly how much of a financial investment he could be about to make.  There are many gadgets and gizmos on the market that we don’t need or can’t afford, but one thing is for sure, and that is the sport of hunting cannot afford to lose future members due to financial constraints.  Maybe I can offer some advice to help you get started by identifying the required, recommended, and advanced items you will need, without breaking the bank.

State Laws and Regulations

Hunter’s Safety Course (HSC) All states require anyone born after 1976 to provide proof of completion of a HSC in order to purchase a valid hunting license.  These courses are a fantastic beginning for all hunters of all ages as they will cover everything from the safe handling of fire arms and bows, animal anatomy, weapons and ammunition, and best scenarios for taking a safe shot.  Afterall, once you pull that trigger, there’s no taking it back.  The DEER30 Team highly recommends that all new hunters complete a HSC regardless if it is required or not.  These courses are relatively inexpensive, but price can vary state to state.  Always schedule a class(s) well in advance of hunting season as they tend to fill up very quickly.

Licenses are required for most hunting in most states (check the game laws in your state prior to hunting).  In-state hunting licenses and game tags are always less expensive than an out-of-state license as a way of reminding everyone that it is a privilege to hunt in that state.  Only buy the licenses, stamps, and tags that you will need.  For example, last season while hunting in Maryland, I purchased an Out-of-State Big Game License, Bonus Buck Tag, Muzzleloader Stamp, Bow Stamp, and Furbearer Stamp, so that I could hunt whitetailed deer, small game, and fox.  Purchasing a waterfowl stamp when I have no intention of hunting waterfowl would have been foolish and wasteful.  There are plenty of other things for which you will need your money.  As a beginner, start out hunting locally.  Out-of-state fees can be outrageous and booking expensive trophy hunts when you have not fully mastered the skills of hunting yet will only leave you at a disadvantage and possibly an empty wallet with nothing to show for it.

If you have family or friends in the area with sufficient acreage to hunt, that is a great start.  Or you can knock on someone’s door and ask permission.  When asking permission, you will most likely get the cold shoulder a few times until you get lucky and find someone who is agreeable.  Don’t get discouraged.  Just try to put yourself in their shoes.  Here is a complete stranger at my door unannounced, who wants to what?!  Hunt?  Always remember that you are now an embassador for our sport.  So remain polite and courteous, and let them know that you appreciate their time and the opportunity.  If they voice their concerns, such as “I don’t want anyone with a gun shooting near my house,” try to remind them of your safety qualifications, or if you’re a bow hunter, offer to bow hunt only, and explain the limitations inherent with using a bow and arrow.  Farmers often rejoice with the idea of someone reducing the crop ravaging deer herd, but they may already have granted permission to others leaving you out of the mix.  That’s ok, but make sure they have your name and phone number in case they change their minds or something opens up.  Be persistent without being annoying.  Check in with them every season,  just to keep your name in their mind, but be careful not to over do it and be too pushy.

Obtaining permission is all about making connections and getting your foot in the door.  Maybe you went to school with them or their children, they know your parents or family, anything that you can find to initiate trust will help you along the way.  Most folks who grant permission want little in return other than for you to be safe and respect their property, but offering some game meat from the animal you are hunting would be a nice gesture.  Some may ask for, or you may offer a financial fee (hunting lease), but I would try to keep money out of it if possible.  Money can muddy the waters on what could otherwise be just a good faith understanding between two future friends, not to mention blow your budget.

WMA signPublic land hunting is always an option, especially for new hunters or if you are new to an area.  You can find numerous accounts in our “Tales of the Hunt” category of whitetail, turkey, and other wild game hunts taking place on National Forest or Wildlife Management Areas (WMA’s).  These areas are typically wilderness areas for a reason, usually being that they are rugged, steep, wet, swampy, or otherwise unsuitable for development or farming.  That makes them great refuges for game and great hunting opportunities for us.  However, depending upon where you are and what land you are hunting, you may experience a lot of hunting pressure from others, have to be ready to go the extra mile, literally, to find game, or the numbers of game may be more scarce. Some of these areas are honey holes with big bucks and longbeards and others have good small game populations but lack the larger species.  The only way to know is to check it out and do your scouting.  Don’t trust word of mouth because we all know hunters can be very sneaky when it comes to protecting the location of the game they hunt.

It’s all about who you know when it comes to saving on equipment.  Hand-me-downs from older siblings, parents, uncles, good friends, etc. will save you a ton of cash compared to buying new.  Even if it is just to borrow for the season like a rangefinder.  Camouflage clothing, a pair of boots, and especially the weapon of choice will be major bucks in years to come.  Plus, it allows you to get a taste of hunting without sinking a lot of dough into it should you decide it’s not for you.  Yard sales, garage sales, and flea markets are also good places to by inexpensive gear.  Army fatigues serve as great camo for the beginner and many seasoned hunters alike and neutral colored book-bags can make a suitable hunting pack replacement.

Buying used vs new equipment will always be less expensive but you want to be careful not to by technology that is obsolete or won’t work for you.  Rifles and shotguns are timeless weapons meaning that so long as they are in good condition and properly maintained, they will fire as true at 100 years old as they did the day they were made, ask Levi.  The importance is making this purchase from a reputable gun shop, gunsmith, or having an experienced friend with you to check it out for you.  I purchased my Mossberg 835 12 gauge 3 1/2″ magnum shotgun for turkeys used for $265 after Adam let me use his for the previous spring gobbler season.  A total of 8 shots have been fired through it; one at a target and seven at a gobbler with seven kills.  New these shotguns would retail at about $350.  But since you can also fire typical 2 3/4″ shells or 3″ shells, it has the versatility to hunt all game species (no slug).  As for rifles, a Marlin 30-30 or Remington .270 would be great introductory level rifles for around $350-450.

No, long bows and recurves are not obsolete because of the modern compound or crossbows.  But I would not recommend those for beginners as they require a good deal of skill and understanding of the form and function of a bow. Compound bows are tuned to the specific shooter.  Older bows (over 8 yrs old) usually lack the technology to make them as flexible in fitting a wide range of users as the newer bows.  Primarily I am talking about draw length.  One of my early bows was fitted to me with a draw length of 30″ but the cams could be adjusted as low as 28″.  Today’s bows usually have draw lengths between 26″-31″ and can be adjusted in some cases by 1/2″ increments.  This is great news for young bow hunters for it allows plenty of room for the bow to grow with the shooter.

The second attribute of a bow that I would suggest new shooters look for is the brace height.  The brace height is measured from the back of the grip to the string when the bow is relaxed.  The longer this distance the more forgiving the bow will be which should help your accuracy.  Bows with shorter brace heights will generate more arrow speed, but don’t get caught up in all the hooplah about speed.  Accuracy is what kills.

As a newbie, I would look for a quality used bow first.  Many bow shops will carry older bows that were trade-ins and can be purchased at a great price.  However, if you want a new bow, there are many mid-range bows to choose from made by the subsidiary companies of the big boys.  The top three bows in production are Hoyt, Mathews, and Bowtech.  Each of these brands have subsidiary companies that produce quality bows without the big price tags.  Those are Reflex (no longer available), Mission, and Diamond, respectively.  These bows can often be purchased as a package deal with your accessories and ready to shoot when you walk out the door for around $350-600.  Other quality bows would be Bear, PSE, or Martin.  A top end bow can run $1,000 without the sights, rest, stabilizer, quiver, etc. that will be needed.

Caution to all new bow hunters: Bow hunting is for me, the most rewarding style of hunting whitetails that I do.  My effective range is about 40 yards.  Therefore, I have to do all the hard work needed to put myself into a position, undetected, so that one of the most weiry animals in the woods will walk within 120 feet of me when he/she could go, anywhere else.  The challenge is appealing, but very difficult.  So be aware should you choose to start bow hunting.  It will be challenging and you may not find success right away.  But when you do, your own sense of pride and accomplishment for achieving such a difficult task will be written on your face from ear to ear.

The Fundamental and Advanced Equipment

Marlin 30-30
  1. Quality Weapon:  Used or mid-level (bow)
  2. Cleaning Kit (rifle or shot gun):  Versatile kits will include multiple rods, brushes, patches, oils, and solvents for a variety of calibers and gauges.  It is ALWAYS important to keep your weapon clean after each use.
  3. Average Ammunition: High performance cartridges, shells, broadheads and arrows will be less important than quality mid-level items at  self-imposed limited ranges that I would also suggest (under 150 yards for a rifle and 25 yards or less with a bow).
  4. Target:  Rifle and shotgun targets can be as simple as drawing a dot on a cardboard box and finding a safe backstop.  But bow targets are more complex.  Broadhead targets, field tip targets, combo targets, layered targets, bag targets, etc.  I would suggest building your own “rag target” by building a box with wooden ends, bottom, back, with a hinged top and a chicken wire front that is 24″ deep front to back.  Stuff the box as tight as possible with old towels, comforters, blankets, etc.   When tightly packed/compressed, these rags will stop an arrow as efficiently as the store bought foam layered targets.  But they are for field tips only and you will need to be sure the tip is not wider than the arrow shaft or it will snag when trying to remove the arrow.  Compressed layered store bought targets will provide you with durability for many years of service.  Regular Styrofoam targets will wear out quickly and are not suitable for today’s fast shooting bows.
  5. Quality Release (bow): The release is your only attachment to the arrow/string and the last thing you do before sending the arrow to its target.  You want a quality release that is reliable, durable, smooth, and comfortable.  I shoot a Tru-Fire release that has a wrist strap, and narrow neck that settles comfortably in the palm of my hand.  I prefer a trigger style where you pull the trigger to open the release as oppose to some where the release remains open and you must push the trigger from behind to close it.  Personal preference only.  Mine sells for $40 but I believe a less expensive model is also available.  Prices for releases can go through the roof but most of the higher priced models are meant for competition shooters.
  6. Comfortable Boots:  If you are warm, comfortable, and dry, you will have a much more pleasurable experience.  Although I prefer rubber boots for deer to minimize scent, hiking boots would be a good start as they are more versatile for non-hunting use and could be used later for turkey or small game hunts.
  7. Camouflage:  Again, it is important to be successful, especially with a bow, but it does not need to be $200 for a pair of pants expensive.  Appropriate clothing for the weather conditions is what you need to be most concerned about.  I would suggest purchasing a warm season set and a medium weight set.  If you hunt late season in colder climates wear additional layers under your medium set.
  8. Knife:  One thing we haven’t discussed is a quality knife.  Investing in a good knife that is sharp, durable, and holds its edge well is a must.  It will make cleaning, skinning, and butchering game so much easier saving you a lot of time.  It is also safer to work with than a dull knife.  This seems counterintuitive but with a dull knife you are fighting it as you cut which can lead to a slip and injury.  Sharp knives cut easily and with less frustration.  I personally use and love my Browning 3-blade folding knife.  It has a gut hook, skinning blade, and saw in one unit making it very versatile when field dressing and butchering deer.
  9. Ladder Stand
    Ladder Stand

    Treestand & Steps or Ground blind:  Hopefully if this is your first season, you have a friend who can let you borrow a stand or hunt one of theirs.  If not, a ladder stand is a great option.  It is safe and offers security to a hunter who may not have a lot of experience being in a tree, and they are typically limited in heights from 12-16′.  I just bought one on sale a few weeks ago for $80.  Climbing stands are another safe, easy to use stand, although more expensive ($200-$400).  A lock-on stand will be your most affordable and least comfortable.  Although higher end models sell for as high as $250, economical versions are available for less than $60.  But you will need the additional purchase of steps.  Winders will offer you a chance to get into crooked or knarley trunked trees at $3 each, but the climbing sticks may be a better way to go for the inexperienced climber.  They are easy to install on straight trunk trees and are similar to climbing a ladder.  Price varies among brand and style but you would probably be looking at $70-$120 for 16-20 feet of height.  Finally a ground blind ($100-200) will offer the greatest security by keeping you on the ground and at an exciting eye-level with the deer.

  10. Safety Harness:  A quality safety harness is something you do not want to skimp on and is absolutely a must when hunting from a treestand.   Hunter Safety Systems or other brands can run over $100 but they are well worth it.  I would also suggest getting one with a linesman’s belt.  It is worth its weight in gold when hanging treestands.
  11. Scent Control Spray:  For a few dollars you can take some simple measures to help fool a deer’s #1 defense, his nose.
  12. MISC:  A few little things are always great to keep in your pack such as: bow rope, string wax (bow), allen wrenches (bow tuning), deer drag, accessory hooks, flashlight, and a wind indicator.

This list is composed of the items that I would hold off on until I was sure that I enjoyed the sport of hunting and was ready for the financial commitment:

  1. Rangefinder:  It will improve your accuracy greatly when you no longer have to guess your yardage.  This will allow you to shoot tighter groups and expand your range as you take aim with confidence. ($150-$300)
  2. Binoculars:  Are definitely an asset for spotting deer from long distances and through brush.  I recommend the best you can afford and for you to consider two pairs.  Stronger optics for when hunting long-range or open fields, and a smaller set for hunting wooded or denser areas.
  3. Lock-On Stand with Climbing Sticks
    Lock-On Stand with Climbing Sticks

    Multiple Stands:  Having more than one setup available will offer you the flexibility to hunt locations based upon the deer’s behavior and wind direction.

  4. Navigational Tool:  If your hunting large areas of National Forest, especially for the first time, it can be easy to become disoriented.  Having reliable navigational tools will give your confidence to get in and most importantly out, of your hunting area.
  5. Trail Cameras:  These cameras are addictive and a lot of fun, not to mention a great scouting tool.  ($70-$600)
  6. More Scent Control Devices:  I am a scent control freak.  But neutralizers, detergents, proper storage containers, etc. will all help to reduce the amount of human and unnatural odors that you take into the woods.
  7. Calls and Scents:  The use of calls and scents to attract whitetail deer can be very successful and exciting.  But since the use of these items can require a little more advanced skill and understanding for when and how to use them, it may not be the most important purchase your first year out.
  8. Additional boots of different insulation grades.  Keeping your feet warm/cool will keep you comfortable and in the stand longer throughout the season.
  9. ATV: When legal or allowed, these machines are great for saving time and work when hanging treestands, accessing hunting areas, and getting game, yourself, and hunting buddies out of the woods.  Definitely not required equipment, but Levi has spoiled my with his Polaris 500 and now I want one!

The list can go on and on, and eventually you will figure out on your own what you need and what you can do without.  It sounds expensive, and it can be, especially when you are starting out with nothing.  Remember that it is ok to take advantage of hand-me-downs and used equipment so long as it still functions safely and properly.  Utilize all resources available to you when it comes to selecting the right equipment for you.  Manufactures websites, store associates, online resources (DEER30 Outdoors) can offer you a lot of information from specifications to personal experience.  All you have to do is ask.

Most items you purchase will last you several years to come, so buying quality items now will save you money in the long run, but may be not a good idea until after you catch the hunting fever.  Give yourself a budget and stick to it.  Don’t forget to add hunting items to Christmas and birthday lists too.  The beginning hunter needs a lot and can solves a lot of friends and family members headaches when trying to decide what to get someone during the holidays.

Georgia PinesThe sport of hunting offers many rewards to those who participate.  Emotional rewards such as getting away and back into nature, the excitement and thrill of the hunt, sense of accomplishment when your successful, sharing the experience with others, and they enjoyment of watching wildlife in its natural setting, among others.  All of these rewards are priceless to me, and to most hunters.  When you hear someone say they love to “hunt,” notice they didn’t say “I love to kill.”  Because hunting goes so far beyond pulling the trigger.  The actual kill is just the culmination of months/years of hard work, planning, preparations, dedication, practice, and experience that resulted in the harvest of a beautiful animal to be enjoyed and celebrated.

Deer Steaks
Deer Steaks

But since this article has been about the financial strain associated with getting started, you may also want to learn of the intrinsic value of hunting.  The larger picture proves the sport of hunting as a multi-billion dollar industry each year.  Portions of our license fees goes directly to conservation efforts for all wildlife, product manufactures and retail stores provide employment opportunities for hundreds of thousands of americans, and the individual hunter benefits as well.  Trappers and fur hunters sell their pelts for profit, predator species often have a bounty assessed by state agencies when their populations exceed desired numbers, and don’t forget the savings at the super market.  Have you strolled down the meat aisle lately?  Ground beef ($3.00/lb), steak ($6.00/lb), sure venison isn’t beef.  Its leaner, healthier, and without the hormones and steroids pumped into beef cattle.  Even your “happy cows” or the “organically” raised cattle are less healthy than venison.  What could be more “natural?”  Just about any cut of beef is available from a deer with the proper knowledge and if prepared properly, without the “gamey” flavor.

My wife and I rarely purchase meat from the butcher or super market.  Instead we rely heavily of the wild game that I manage to harvest throughout the year.  Last season in Maryland, I was fortunate enough to harvest a large bodied mature buck with my bow that field dressed over 200 lbs and had an estimated live weight of about 240-250 lbs.  A typical meat yield from a deer is about 40% of its live weight.  Therefore, this one deer provided my family with 100 lbs of venison burger, steaks, roasts, tenderloin, and stew meat.  Let’s say the average cost of equivalent cuts of beef from a super market $3.50 per lb (its probably more).  That one deer saved us $350 in grocery bills!  Harvesting several does for meat will stock your freezer and save your wallet even more and may be just the point you need to win the argument with your spouse about “why I have to have it!”

You can see how dedicating yourself to being successful, can offset the costs of all the items we covered today.  I hope this article has prepared you of the potential costs involved when learning to hunt and reminded you of the rewards of which hunting can bring.  Whether you start modestly or dive right in, I have no doubt that you will love it!

– Randy

DEER30 Outdoors can only make suggestions from their experiences in an effort to aid in your decision making.  The reader should always research thoroughly each product before purchasing and follow manufacturer guidelines, state laws and regulations, and all safety protocols before and during its use (see our disclosure policy)


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